Ultrafast circularly polarized pulses tunable from the vacuum to deep ultraviolet

Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the efficient generation of circularly polarized pulses tunable from the vacuum to deep ultraviolet (160–380 nm) through resonant dispersive wave emission from optical solitons in a gas-filled hollow capillary fiber. In the deep ultraviolet, we measure up to 13 µJ of pulse energy, and from numerical simulations, we estimate the shortest output pulse duration to be 8.5 fs. We also experimentally verify that simply scaling the pulse energy by 3/2 between linearly and circularly polarized pumping closely reproduces the soliton and dispersive wave dynamics. Based on previous results with linearly polarized self-compression and resonant dispersive wave emission, we expect our technique to be extended to produce circularly polarized few-fs pulses further into the vacuum ultraviolet, and few to sub-fs circularly polarized pulses in the near infrared.

Publication
Opt. Lett. 46 4057 (2021)
Athanasios Lekosiotis
Athanasios Lekosiotis
Research Associate
Christian Brahms
Christian Brahms
Research Fellow
Federico Belli
Federico Belli
Research Fellow
John C. Travers
John C. Travers
Professor of Physics